Why Fight Trafficking

Human Trafficking is the fastest growing crime and the second largest illegal trade in the world. Article 23 of the Constitution of India prohibits the trafficking of human beings and forced labour. Various other Indian laws and India’s ratification of several international laws also clarifies India’s stand on trafficking.

In March 2013, India passed the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act of 2013. This Act amended Section 370 of the Indian Penal Code and includes India’s first definition of human trafficking.

According to this definition, human trafficking occurs when one person (the trafficker) uses force, fraud or coercion to induce, recruit, harbor or transport another person (the victim) for the purpose of exploitation for his/her own commercial gain. It also defines exploitation as “any act of physical exploitation or any form of sexual exploitation, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude, or the forced removal of organs.” The Act also clarifies the types of offenses that are criminalised as trafficking violations and institutes heightened sentences for perpetrators.

IJM works with the state and central government as well as with the AHTU and police to ensure justice for victims of trafficking in two distinct types of casework: Sex Trafficking and Bonded Labour.

 

Indian laws protecting victims of labour and sex trafficking

International laws regarding trafficking